Servers are computers that are given a specific purpose. Typically you don’t want to have unnecessary programs on a server since you want to maximize the computational power of the server for its intended task.

Types of Servers

  • Web Server
  • Application Server
  • Database Server
  • FTP Server
  • Game Server
  • Audio/Video Server
  • Chat Server
  • IRC Server
  • List Server
  • Proxy Servers
  • Mail Server
  • Telnet Server
  • Virtual Servers
  • Groupware Server

Server Operating Systems

  • Linux is the main OS used for servers
  • Windows comes in second
  • Mac Servers are a very distant third

Now let’s look at hosting plans for servers.

  • Shared Hosting – cheap
  • Virtual Private Server – a little more money but gives you more control
  • Dedicated Server – a lot of money but it’s like your own full computer in a data center.
  • Cloud Server – like a VPS but instead of being a virtualized server on a dedicated machine, this is virtualized among many machines. Great for scale

As you can see there are a lot of different types of servers and they are typically designed for a specific type of functionality.